Spiders in Home and Office—What they Can Do to Your Health?
There are around nine deadly species of spiders including Black Widow, Brazilian Wandering Spiders, Wolf Spider, Yellow Sac Spider, and Brown Widow Spider. However, the spiders found in our homes and offices are generally neither venomous nor dangerous. In the United States, three people die every year due to spider bites. Most of these deaths have been reported in Arizona and forests of South America. Spiders, which build their webs in homes and offices, bite only in self-defense.
What Spiders Do To Human Health?
As a common belief, the spiders are dangerous only when they bite. This is false. The spiders can be dangerous in a variety of ways including these:
- Dead small parts of spiders like hair and legs may be released in the air. These parts cause allergies like skin irritation, sneezing, coughing, and such. The dead small scales of spiders trigger and aggravate asthma. However, these parts are not contagious.
- Spider saliva also causes allergies. It contains allergic proteins, which cause irritation, watery eyes, coughing, and sneezing.
- The spider hair may carry contaminants like pollens and VOC particles. The spiders may carry these contaminants from outdoor environments to the indoor environments.
Do Spiders Bite? How Dangerous are these Bites?
Spiders do not bite in a regular fashion. They bite only when they sense a threat or when they are stuck between two objects. For example, a spider may bite if it is stuck between human skin and clothes. Spiders do not have a sting like scorpions and bees.
When a spider bites, a small white or brown spot or blister is formed on the site. The spiders in home and office do not cause any harm to deeper skin tissues. Only venomous spiders create lesions by affecting the deeper layers of skin. A professional should always treat these lesions.
The symptoms of a spider bite include:
- Redness on the site of bite
- Itching on the site of bite
- Nausea (rare)
The symptoms of the bite of a venomous spider include:
- Redness and itching on the site of bite
- Discoloration on the bite
- Fever and chills
- Difficulty breathing
- Increased sweating
- Muscle pain or cramps
- Minimize the spaces between objects.
- Make sure to keep the home or office clean.
- Remove all debris, old newspapers, empty cartons, and such objects from your home or office.
- Store outdoor equipment and packets in plastic sheets.
- Always shake items like towels and clothes before using them. Make sure to check your shoes before wearing them.
- In the office, teach your employees about different species of spiders and protective measures. Also, reduce the risk of exposure to the spiders.
If you suspect spiders in home or office, then make sure to call a pest control and prevention company. Pest control is essential even if you do not suspect pest invasion in your house. Better safe than sorry!